rqes cover June 2023
September 2023



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  September 2023 (Volume 94, Issue 3)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Effects of Cognitively Engaging Physical Activity on Preschool Children’s Cognitive Outcomes

Myrto F. Mavilid, Caterina Pesce, Emiliano Mazzoli, Sue Bennetta, Fred Paasa, Anthony D. Okely, and Steven J. Howard

Research combining physical activity with the training of cognitive skills such as executive functions is emerging as a novel and fruitful intervention approach for children. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the impact of an intervention program including cognitively engaging physical activity on preschool children’s cognitive outcomes and physical activity. Methods: Children (N = 144, 65 female; Mage = 4.41 years, SD = 0.61), randomly assigned to one of three groups: cognitively engaging physical activity (CPA; i.e., storytelling, cognitive activities, and motor tasks, n = 55), cognition (i.e., storytelling and cognitive activities without motor tasks, n = 48), or control (i.e., traditional storytelling, n = 41). Sessions lasted approximately 17 minutes, conducted twice a week, for 6 weeks. Children’s executive function, self-regulation, and related outcomes (i.e., numeracy) were assessed at baseline and again—along with perceived enjoyment—at the end of the program. Accelerometers measured children’s physical activity during each session. Teachers completed a logbook for each session, and two fidelity checks per preschool took place by the researcher. Main analyses used linear mixed models adjusted for covariates (age, sex) and clustering at the preschool level. Results: Results showed no significant group by time interaction for executive function, self-regulation, numeracy, enjoyment. During the sessions, children in the CPA group were more physically active than children in the cognition and control groups. Conclusion: While we did not find the expected amplified cognitive benefits, making storytelling more active has the potential to meet two needs (increase cognitive stimulation and physical activity levels) in one deed


Increased Cerebellar Gray Matter Volume in Athletes: A Voxel-Wise Coordinate-Based Meta-Analysis

Monitoring Muscle Oxygen Asymmetry as a Strategy to Prevent Injuries in Footballers

The Impact of Sport Education on Chinese Physical Education Majors’ Volleyball Content Knowledge and Performance

Reliability and Validity of Functional Grip Strength Measures Across Holds and Body Positions in Climbers: Associations With Skill and Climbing Performance

Analysis of Rate of Force Development as a Vertical Jump Height Predictor

Psychophysiological Responses to Self-Selected Exercise Intensity Over the Menstrual Cycle: A Randomized Crossover Phase Trial

Time Course of Jump Recovery and Performance After Velocity-Based Priming and Concurrent Caffeine Intake

SKIPping With PALS: Exploring Parental Engagement in a Motor Intervention for Their Preschool Children

Influence of HIIRT With Fixed and Self-Selected Recovery Intervals on Physiological, Affective, and Enjoyment Responses

Diurnal Variation of Specific Tests’ Performance and Related Psychological Aspects in Young Judo Athletes

Self-Affirmation and Image/Performance Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Exercise

Exercise Identity and Its Relation to Self-Presentation Concerns in Males and Females

Reliability and Validity of the Kickboxing Anaerobic Speed Test

Electric Muscle Stimulation (EMS) Does Not Improve Anaerobic Performance Measures During a Repeated Wingate Test

Assessment of Peak Physical Demands in Elite Women Soccer Players: Can Contextual Variables Play a RoleThe Effects of “Physical BEMER® Vascular Therapy” on Work Performed During Repeated Wingate Sprints

Energy Expenditure in Free-Living Physical Activities and Sedentary Behaviors in Mexican Schoolchildren

Development and Implementation of Physical Education State-Level Accountability for Student Learning and Performance

Relationships Between Internal and External Load Measures and Fitness Level Changes in Professional Soccer Players

Evaluation of Match Results of Five Successful Football Clubs With Ensemble Learning Algorithms

Analyses of Isokinetic Thigh Muscle Strength: Camera-Based Assessment Alters the Magnitude, but Not the Message

Is Prescription of Specific Movement Form Necessary for Optimal Skill Development? A Nonlinear Pedagogy Approach

Irrational Performance Beliefs and Mental Well-Being Upon Returning to Sport During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Test of Mediation by Intolerance of Uncertainty

Effects of Acute Exercise on Cardiac Autonomic Response and Recovery in Non-Dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Coaction of Exercise and Eating Improvements Within a Behavioral Obesity Treatment: Directionality and Psychological Mechanisms

Plasma α-Actin as an Early Marker of Muscle Damage After Repeated Bouts of Eccentric Cycling

Association Among Different Aerobic Threshold Markers and FATmax in Men With Obesity

Melatonin Ingestion Prevents Liver Damage and Improves Biomarkers of Renal Function Following a Maximal Exercise

Aerobic Exercise Training Effects on Omentin-1, Insulin Resistance, and Lipid Profile Among Male Smokers

The Effectiveness of Coaching the Australian Recommended Fundamental Overarm Throwing Skill Criteria for Less-Skilled Adolescents